What Is Counselling?

Definition of Counselling

Counselling is a form of verbal therapy where a certified counsellor listens to you and assists in identifying strategies to cope with emotional problems. - Luke Worsfold Lead Counsellor

The British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy, or BACP, define counselling as:

“Counselling and psychotherapy are umbrella terms that cover a range of talking therapies. They are delivered by trained practitioners who work with people over a short or long term to help them bring about effective change or enhance their wellbeing.”

Ultimately, counselling or “therapy” is a process that helps individuals navigate through life's challenges by providing guidance, support, and understanding. It is a therapeutic approach that focuses on personal growth, self-discovery, and emotional well-being.

The purpose of counselling is to assist individuals in exploring their feelings, thoughts, and behaviours to gain insight, develop coping strategies, and make positive changes in their lives. It provides a safe space where clients can express themselves without fear of judgment or criticism.

Understanding the Basics of Counselling

The History and Evolution of Counselling
Throughout history, counselling has evolved from traditional healing practices to a more structured and specialized professional field. Ancient civilizations had their own forms of counselling, often based on religious or spiritual beliefs. Shamans, priests, and wise elders played crucial roles in providing guidance and support to individuals facing emotional or psychological struggles.

As societies progressed, the field of counselling underwent significant transformations. The Industrial Revolution and advancements in psychology contributed to the development of modern counselling techniques. Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic approach, Carl Rogers' person-centred therapy, and Albert Ellis' rational emotive behaviour therapy are among the influential frameworks that have shaped contemporary counselling practices.

Different Types of Counselling

Individual Counselling

Individual counselling focuses on one-on-one sessions between the counsellor and the client. It is a personalized approach that allows the client to explore their unique experiences, emotions, and challenges. Individual counselling can address a wide range of issues, such as anxiety, depression, trauma, grief, and relationship difficulties.

During individual counselling sessions, the client has the opportunity to delve deep into their thoughts and feelings in a safe and confidential space. The counsellor works collaboratively with the client to identify underlying issues, set goals, and develop coping strategies. Through this process, clients often gain insight into their behaviours and patterns, leading to personal growth and positive change.

Group Counselling

Group counselling involves a counsellor facilitating sessions with a small group of individuals facing similar issues. It provides a supportive and interactive environment where participants can share their experiences, gain different perspectives, and learn from one another. Group counselling is particularly effective in addressing social isolation, addiction recovery, and interpersonal relationship challenges.

Addiction Counselling

Addiction counselling is a specialised field of therapy aimed at helping individuals recognize, confront, and recover from substance abuse or addictive behaviour. It offers a safe environment where clients can delve into the underlying causes of their addiction, from emotional traumas and potential triggers to relationship issues and environmental factors. Whether the addiction involves drugs, alcohol, gambling, or other behaviours, private addiction counselling provides a safe space for exploration, growth, and ultimately, transformation. The two main types of addiction counselling are alcohol counselling and drug counselling.

Other Types of Counselling

  • Addiction Counselling​​
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
  • Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)
  • Group Therapy
  • Person-centred Therapy
  • Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR)
  • Psychodynamic Therapy
  • Art Therapy
  • Family Therapy
  • Motivational Interviewing
  • Integrative Therapy
  • Substance abuse counselling
  • Solution-Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT)
  • Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT)
  • Couples Therapy

The Counselling Process

Initial Consultation and Assessment
The counselling process typically begins with an initial consultation and assessment. In this stage, the counsellor gathers information about the client's background, concerns, and goals. The client and counsellor establish rapport, clarify expectations, and determine whether counselling is the appropriate course of action. It is crucial for the counsellor to create a safe and non-judgmental space where the client feels comfortable sharing their thoughts and emotions. Building trust is a fundamental aspect of the initial consultation, as it sets the tone for the rest of the counselling journey.

Moreover, during the assessment phase, the counsellor may use various tools and techniques to gain a deeper understanding of the client's psychological and emotional state. This may include standardized questionnaires, interviews, and observation. By gathering comprehensive information, the counsellor can tailor the therapy to meet the specific needs of the client effectively.

Setting Goals and Planning Therapy
Once the assessment is complete, the client and counsellor collaborate to set goals and develop a therapy plan. This involves identifying areas of focus, determining desired outcomes, and outlining the steps to be taken to achieve those goals. The therapy plan serves as a roadmap for the counselling sessions. It is essential for both the client and counsellor to be actively involved in this process to ensure that the goals are realistic, achievable, and meaningful to the client's growth and well-being.

Progress and Termination of Counselling
Throughout the counselling process, the client and counsellor regularly review progress and make adjustments as needed. As the client works towards their goals, they gain insights, acquire new skills, and experience personal growth. It is common for clients to face challenges and setbacks during therapy, and part of the counsellor's role is to support them through these difficult moments. By fostering a collaborative and supportive environment, the counsellor can help the client navigate obstacles and continue their journey towards healing and self-discovery.

When the client feels that they have achieved their desired outcomes or when both the client and counsellor agree that counselling is no longer necessary, the process is terminated. Termination of counselling is a significant milestone that marks the client's progress and growth throughout the therapeutic journey. It is a time to reflect on the achievements made, acknowledge the challenges overcome, and prepare for the next steps in the client's personal development.

The Role of a Counsellor

When it comes to the role of a counsellor, it goes beyond just providing advice or solutions to clients. A counsellor acts as a compassionate listener, offering a safe space for individuals to explore their feelings and experiences. Through active listening, a counsellor can truly understand the client's perspective and help them navigate through challenges.
In addition to active listening, empathy plays a crucial role in counselling. Empathy allows counsellors to connect with clients on a deeper level, showing understanding and compassion for their struggles. This emotional support can empower clients to open up and work towards healing and personal growth.

Skills and Qualities of a Good Counsellor
A counsellor possesses various skills and qualities to effectively support and guide clients. Active listening, empathy, and non-judgmental attitude are key components of the therapeutic relationship. Counsellors also need strong communication skills, cultural sensitivity, and ethical awareness. They create a safe and trusting environment where clients can explore their thoughts and emotions without fear of being criticized or invalidated.

Ethical Standards in Counselling
Ethical standards are crucial in the field of counselling to ensure the welfare and confidentiality of clients. Counsellors adhere to strict ethical guidelines that include maintaining confidentiality, obtaining informed consent, and seeking supervision and ongoing professional development. These principles are integral to the ethical frameworks provided by the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the National Counselling Society (NCS). Both bodies emphasize the importance of professional integrity, respect for client autonomy, and the necessity of creating a safe therapeutic environment.

Furthermore, ethical standards also encompass the importance of boundaries in the counselling relationship. Setting clear boundaries helps establish a professional framework and ensures that the focus remains on the client's well-being. By upholding these ethical standards, counsellors demonstrate respect for their clients and prioritize their best interests throughout the therapeutic journey, aligning with the core values of the BACP and NCS.

What can counselling help with?


  • Alcohol Addiction​​​
  • Drug Addiction
  • Cannabis Addiction
  • Ecstasy Addiction
  • Ketamine Addiction
  • Cocaine Addiction
  • Psychedelics Addiction
  • Smoking Addiction
  • Porn Addiction
  • Food Addiction
  • ChemSex Addiction
  • Crystal Meth Addiction
  • Prescription Drug Addiction
  • Heroin Addiction
  • Methamphetamine Addiction
  • Benzodiazepine Addiction
  • Gambling Addiction
  • Sex Addiction
  • Eating Disorders
  • Gaming Addiction

Other Mental Health Conditions

  • PTSD Trauma​​​​​
  • Executive burnout
  • ADHD
  • Anger Management
  • Anxiety
  • Autism
  • Bipolar
  • Borderline Personality Disorder
  • Codependency
  • Depression
  • Grief
  • Insomnia

How can I access counselling?

Face-to-face: Schedule an in-person appointment to meet with a counsellor or therapist, allowing for immediate emotional feedback during sessions.

Telephone Counselling: Utilize phone sessions for a more flexible and convenient option, ideal for those with busy schedules or seeking comfort from their own space.

Online Counselling: Engage in therapy remotely via video calls or emails, breaking geographical barriers and offering a wider choice of therapists.

Benefits of Counselling

Counselling provides a vital support system for individuals grappling with addiction, offering a pathway to regain control over their lives. It addresses the root causes of addiction, such as emotional distress or habitual use, helping individuals to manage their drug use not as a mindless activity borne out of boredom, but as a challenge they can overcome. By redefining the complex love-hate relationship with addictive substances, counselling enables individuals to break free from the cycle of broken promises that often escalate during moments of weakness, such as happy hours.

Moreover, counselling assists in alleviating the burden of shame and guilt associated with addiction, allowing individuals to understand that substance use is not the solution to keeping their lives together. It encourages a reduction in usage, fostering increased reliability and strengthening bonds with loved ones. This improved self-reliance and the nurturing of relationships are pivotal for those seeking to mend the fabric of their social and personal lives.

Additionally, counselling aids individuals in becoming more comfortable and loving towards themselves, healing the fractured self-image that addiction often leaves in its wake. It helps in curtailing repetitive arguments and discussions, which not only saves emotional labour but also redirects energy towards rebuilding meaningful connections. The emotional, psychological, and social benefits of counselling, therefore, provide a holistic approach to addiction recovery, supporting individuals in their journey towards a healthier, more fulfilling life.

In conclusion, counselling is a valuable resource that provides individuals with the support and guidance they need to navigate through life's challenges. By understanding the basics of counselling, exploring different types of counselling, and appreciating the counselling process, individuals can make informed decisions about seeking help. The role of a counsellor, with their skills and ethical standards, ensures a safe and compassionate environment for healing and personal growth. So, if you're considering counselling, remember that seeking support is a sign of strength and a step towards positive change.


Last edited on: 07-05-24

Reviewed By:

Clinically reviewed on: 07-05-24

LISA INSIDE ADDICTION LIMITED - Company number 13401226

​Registered Address: 4 Capricorn Centre, Cranes Farm Road, Basildon, Essex, SS14 3JJ

Trading Address: Staple Inn, 4 High Holborn, London WC1V 7QH

Copyright © 2024 | Sitemap